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Kyphoplasty
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Minimally Invasive Balloon Kyphoplasty

Approximate Cost :On Request Duration : 3-10 Days

Balloon Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can repair spinal fractures. It takes about an hour (per level) to treat a fracture with balloon kyphoplasty, and the procedure can be done on an outpatient or an inpatient basis, depending on the needs of the patient.

Objective of the Kyphoplasty Procedure

Kyphoplasty is a procedure used to restore the strength and height of a collapsed or fractured vertebra by infusing bone cement in the affected vertebra. It is mainly indicated in elderly patients suffering from weak and brittle bones due to osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a disease of the old age in which the bones become weak and brittle due to lack of calcium and are vulnerable to fractures even with trivial trauma. The vertebral column is most susceptible to such osteoporotic fractures as it bears the entire weight of the upper body while doing any small or big task. The aim of Kyphoplasty is to reduce the pain of fractured vertebra, to reinforce the weakened bone and to restore normal vertebral height.
Relevant Anatomy :- The vertebral column consists of 33 small bones called vertebra. Each vertebra has a basic structure comprising of a body anteriorly (in front) and a vertebral arch posteriorly (behind). The vertebral arch consists of two transverse processes that project sideways, two pedicles (flat bone between body and transverse process), lamina (flat arched bone between the transverse process and the spinous process) and the spinous process (backward projection). The vertebral arch encloses the spinal canal which lodges the spinal cord.

How is Kyphoplasty Performed ?

Kyphoplasty is performed under local or general anesthesia. Using image guidance x-rays, two small incisions are made and a probe is placed into the vertebral space where the fracture is located.

1.Inserting the Instruments
Your surgeon makes a half-inch incision at the affected site on your back. He then inserts a narrow tube into the fractured vertebrae to create a working channel.  He follows his progress by fluoroscopic X-ray imaging. Once the tube is in place, the surgeon places the KyphX Inflatable Bone Tamp (IBT) into the fracture.
2. Creating the Cavity
Using fluoroscopy to guide him, the board certified surgeon inflates the IBT device. As the balloon inflates, the vertebra is raised to its original position, while the fractured pieces slide back into place. The IBT also compacts the material inside the vertebra, creating a cavity inside the vertebra. When the balloon is deflated, the cavity remains.
3. Stabilizing the Fracture
The surgeon then fills the cavity with bone cement called PMMA to stabilize the fracture. PMMA hardens in minutes.
4. Recovering from the Procedure
Once the cavity is filled, your surgeon closes the incision. The process puts a sort of internal cast in place that stabilizes your spine and relieves your pain. The procedure takes about an hour per disc, and recovery is relatively quick. You should not drive or lift anything for at least six weeks.

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