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Mitral valve replacement is a cardiac surgical process in which a patient’s diseased mitral valve is replaced by either a bioprosthetic or mechanical valve.
Signs and indications of mitral valve regurgitation, which depend on it’s severity and how right away the condition develops, could include: Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope. Shortness of breath (dyspnea), especially when you have been very active or when you lie down. Fatigue.
Your doctor will ask about your medical and your family record of heart disease. Your doctor will also perform a physical exam that includes listening to your heart with a stethoscope. Mitral valve regurgitation ordinarily produces a sound of blood leaking backward through the mitral valve (heart murmur).
Your doctor will then decide which check-up is required to make a diagnosis. For check out, you could be referred to a cardiologist.
Commonly check out to diagnose mitral valve regurgitation include:
2). Electrocardiogram (ECG)
3). Cardiac MRI
4). Chest X-ray
5). Cardiac CT
6). Cardiac catheterization
7). Exercise tests or stress tests
Mitral valve regurgitation treatment relies on how severe your condition is, if you’re experiencing signs and symptoms and if your condition is getting worse. The goal of treatment is to enhance your heart’s function while minimizing your signs and symptoms and avoiding future complications.
A doctor trained in heart disease (cardiologist) will offer your care. If you have mitral valve regurgitation, think about being treated at a medical center with a multidisciplinary team of doctors and medical staff trained and knowledgeable in evaluating and treating heart valve disease. This team can work closely with you to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
Your doctor could prescribe medication to treat symptoms, although medication can’t treat mitral valve regurgitation.
Medications could include:
2). Blood Thinners
3). High blood pressure medications
Your mitral valve could need to be repaired or replaced. Doctors could recommend mitral valve repair or replacement even if you aren’t experiencing symptoms, as this may prevent complications and improve outcomes. If you wish surgery for another heart condition, your doctor could repair or replace the diseased mitral valve at the same time.
Mitral valve surgery is sometimes performed through a cut (incision) in the chest. In some cases, doctors could conduct minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves the use of smaller incisions than those used in open-heart surgery.
Doctors at some medical centers could perform robot-assisted heart surgery, a type of minimally invasive heart surgery. during this variety of surgery, surgeons read the heart during a magnified high-definition 3-D view on a video monitor and use robotic arms to duplicate specific maneuvers used in open-heart surgeries.
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